How to grow kitchen garden?
A simple guide that will help you grow your own kitchen garden at home | 2019
How about growing veggies in an organic way at our home? isn't it an amazing idea?
So, if you are planning to eat organic and live healthy, then kitchen gardening is the best way through which you may grow organic veggies at your home.
This article will help you to start your own kitchen garden at home with few simple steps. Before we start with the procedure for sowing seeds here are few basic requirements for growing vegetables in your home.
- Sunlight: You'll need a place which receives at least 5-6 hours of sunlight. Most of the vegetables need an average sunlight of 6 hours.
Fruit Vegetables: Require 8 hours of sunlight namely tomato, brinjal, lady finger, etc.
Root Vegetables: Require 6 hours of sunlight namely beet, carrot, potato, etc.
Leafy Vegetables: Require 4 hours of sunlight namely spinach, coriander, cabbage, etc.
Container:To sow the seeds or saplings you'll need a container of 10 to 12 inches in size for fruit vegetables. Pots of 16-18 inches are used for growing climbers/wines. If you are planning to grow leafy vegetables then rectangular pots are ideal for growing leafy vegetables.
Media: Media is referred to the potting mixes that contains soil, coco-peat and compost/manure that are used for container vegetable gardening. Mixture of compost, coco-peat and soil in equal proportion can be used in the pots. Compost(manure) improves fertility of soil and provides nutrients and improves water holding capacity of soil whereas, coco-peat allows the roots to get enough air and water. Basically it boosts aeration process of soil.
Fertilizers: For leafy vegetables, compost mixed with soil at the time of planting provides nutrients to the plant. For fruit vegetables, fertilizers should be added in every 15-20 days of interval when the plant start growing.
A balcony or terrace of your home is a perfect place for building your beautiful kitchen garden empire.
So now, if you have the required contents with you we'll help you to start your kitchen garden.
Here are two methods of sowing seeds:
If you are planning to grow fruity vegetables like Tomato, Broccoli, Chilly, Celery, Cabbage, Lettuce, Cauliflower, Basil, Brinjal, Marjoram, Bhindi (Lady Finger), Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Capsicum, Parsley, etc. then you should follow the method of sowing in seedling tray.
Sowing seeds in a Seedling Tray:
In this method, seeds are sown in seedling trays and then transplanted to beds or pots.
Step 1: Take a seedling tray with proper drainage holes so that excess water will be drained out.
Step 2: Fill coco-peat in the cavities of seedling tray up to its surface and sprinkle water on it.
Step 3: Make a small hole about 1/4th inch deep into each cavity and place 1-2 seed in each small hole.
Step 4: Cover the seeds with coco-peat so that the seeds will get into contact with coco-peat to germinate properly.
Step 5: Now sprinkle water on coco-peat.
Step 6: To speedup the germination process, cover seedling tray with plastic wrap and place it in a shaded area. This will keep the seeds moist before they germinate.
Step 7: When the seeds will germinate remove the polythene paper and place tray in the sunlight.
Step 8: Remember to check moister in the coco-peat. If the coco-peat gets dry then sprinkle water on it.
Caution: Do not over water the seedling. Over-watering will decompose the seed.
Direct Sowing Method
In this method, seeds are sown directly in the beds or pots. The seeds of Coriander, Peas, Spinach, Radish, Fenugreek, Carrot, Leak, Turnip,Beans, Cucumber, Beet, Cucumber, Onion, Dill, Chives, Gourds are applicable for direct sowing method.
Step 1: For directing showing choose a container that is atleast 18 inches wide and 10 inches deep with proper drainage holes.
Place geotextile at the bottom of pot, upon the holes and fill th pot with mixture of soil, compost and manure.
Step 2: Moisten the soil with little amount of water.
Step 3: Sprinkle the seeds lightly over the soil to disperse evenly
Step 4: Cover them with 1/4 inch of soil and place the pot in sunlight and keep soil moist using spray bottle.
Transplanting is the process of removing saplings from the seedling tray and planting in the bed or pots. Once the seeds are germinated and the saplings are once matured with 2 to 3 sets of leaves they must be transplanted to a pot or bed.
Step 1: Choose a container of at least 10 inch deep.
Step 2: Place geotextile over the holes and fill pot with mixture of soil, compost and coco-peat.
Step 3: Carefully remove the saplings from seed trays by holding its steam.
Step 4: Place plant at the center of pot and add soil around the plant. Water it and keep it under full sunlight.
Vegetables Grown In Full Sun
||During Jan & July
||Through out the year
||Through out the year
||Through out the year
||May-Jun, July-Aug, Sep-Oct
|Lettuce, Broccoli, Capsicum (Red & Yellow), Chinese Cabbage||After rainy season|
|Red cabbage, Celery, Parsley, Leak, Cherry Tomato.||After rainy season|
Herbs Grown In Full Sun
|Mint, Basil, Oregano, Thyme, Rosemery, Sage, Chives, Marjoram.||After rainy season
To start your kitchen garden purchase your starter kitchen garden kit.